Pliva's Azithromycin

Azithromycin Effects and Usage

Azithromycin - generic Zithromax

What kind of medication is Azithromycin?

Azithromycin is an antibacterial drug used to treat certain mild to moderate skin infections, respiratory tract infections (including pneumonia and tonsillitis), sexually transmitted infections of the cervix or urinary tract, middle ear infection, and strep throat (pharyngitis). Like any antibiotic, it does not work for common cold, flu, or other viral infections.

When distributed by Pliva, Inc. (former Barr Laboratories), Azithromycin is available on the market as Pliva 787 250 mg, Pliva 788 500 mg and Pliva 789 600 mg pills.

The medication is also marketed under trade name Zithromax.

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What are possible side effects of using Azithromycin?

Adverse reactions are rare, but they are rather serious and may include:

  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • nausea or vomiting
  • In more serious cases, Azithromycin may cause allergic like reactions than include:

  • swelling of the face, lips, and neck
  • difficulty swallowing and breathing
  • skin rash

  • What is the recommended dose of Azithromycin?

  • 250 mg or 500 mg daily 1 to four times a day during a period of three to five days. The maximum daily dose must not exceed 2000 mg of Azithromycin. For treatment of sexually transmitted infections of the cervix and urinary tract, a single large dose of Azithromycin is administered. For treatment of skin and respriratory tract infections, multiple smaller doses are normally used. The medication is taken 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.

  • When should Azithromycin be avoided?

    Azithromycin should not be used

  • in patients allergic to Azithromycin and similar antibiotics, such as erythromycin (E-Mycin, Eryc)

  • Azithromycin should be used with caution in patients with:

  • liver disease

  • Azithromycin should not be be combined with:

  • antacids containing aluminum or magnesium

  • Azithromycin should be taken with caution when combined with:

  • Cyclosporine (Restasis)
  • Digoxin (Lanoxin)
  • Ergot-containing drugs, including certain migraine medications
  • Hexobarbital
  • Nelfinavir (Viracept)
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • Warfarin (Coumadin)